Gmail Targeting Phishing Email Discovered
It’s only 18 days into 2017, and there is already a sophisticated Gmail phishing email making it rounds. New techniques and tactics, have given hackers a way to authentically impersonate your contacts.
How it Works
The attack works by targeting a victim’s contact list and sending out authentic looking phishing emails. When this forged email is opened and the attachment clicked, a page appearing to be the Google log in portal opens.
Once the victim submits their credentials into the site, the hackers start crawling the victim’s inbox. These crawlers look at previous subject lines and attachments for contextual relevance to copy.
A screenshot is taken of a previous attachment and a new message is composed. This screenshot becomes the entry way into the phishing Gmail login page. The subject line is then pulled from a previous email that would be relevant to the attachment.
The new version of the email is sent to all the victims contacts, and the attack starts again. The use of previous subject lines and attachment, help to make the hacker’s email look very genuine. This technique has tricked many users into opening the infected attachment.
One of these emails is described by a commenter on Hacker News,
“[The hackers] went into one student’s account, pulled an attachment with an athletic team practice schedule, generated the screenshot, and then paired that with a subject line that was tangentially related, and emailed it to the other members of the athletic team.”
The impersonation of the victim and the familiarity of the subject tone help the phishing email to be trusted. The hacker’s concealment of the incorrect URL by using a data URL, furthers this trust.
A data URL is file that, “allows normally separate elements such as images and style sheets to be fetched in a single Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) request.” This permits the hackers to hide the entire code for the phishing landing page within the image attachment as well as display an authentic looking URL.
While a careful user may look at a website’s URL to ensure its validity; many may not notice the data URL has brought them to the phishing page instead. This highlights the importance of having a full stack email security service implemented within an organization.
How to Protect your Account
The best way to ensure your account is safe from these types of attacks is to have 2-Step verification turned on. This protects you as the hacker will only have the recorded password (first form of verification). Without both forms of verification the hacker will be unable to access the account.
The sophistication of this scam shows just how fast phishing techniques and attacks are advancing. The hackers are learning to be more effective and efficient and the users and services must keep up. To stay protected, users should ensure they are well educated on the newest phishing threats.